Farming

Below is a list of the typical types of plant that you might expect to find at the above:

Steam Boiler e.g. vertical steam boiler
Air Pressure Plant e.g. Air Receiver
Refrigeration Plant
Hot Water Heating/Supply Systems
Fork Lift Trucks
Lifting Plant e.g. blocks and tackle, slings etc.
Personnel lifts
Excavators/Loading Shovels
Telehandlers
General Electrical/Mechanical Plant e.g. Motors, Pumps
Electrical Installations e.g. Fixed Wiring


Other items such as tractors, combine harvesters etc. are not usually considered as requiring a 'statutory' inspection, although the owner/operator may consider that it is best practise to have an independent inspection carried out by a competent person as part of their health & safety policy.

 

The following is an extract from the HSB Equipment Connection: (c) Copyright 1997, The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company. All Rights Reserved.

Agricultural Non-Manufacturing & Farms Process Overview

This Occupancy does not apply to any manufacturing / processing locations, or to locations that use animals / fowl as an integral part of the operation.

Agricultural farm processes include tilling soil, planting, fertilizing, insecticide and herbicide spreading, watering, harvesting, bulk storage, and preparation for sale / shipment. Agricultural farms have become more mechanized and automated over recent years. Boiler and Machinery exposures are generally limited to miscellaneous machines, deep well pumps, simple HVAC equipment, and MEA (the electrical supply and distribution system).

Depending on product type, there may be significant exposure from electric motors associated with nonmobile conveyer systems.

Depending on product mix and geographic location, many farms will possess a number of deep wells and associated pumping equipment for irrigation. Harvesting and planting equipment is excluded from coverage as most types are highly-modified and specialized vehicles.

Most larger farms have sophisticated short distance radio communications equipment. Other processes usually include a telephone equipment, computers and data systems, fax, photocopy, and fire suppression systems.

Critical Equipment Exposures

At all locations, business is usually on a daily basis, without possibility of making up lost production.

Deep Well Pump Units: If deep well systems are present, an adequate inventory of spare pump assemblies and drivers based on failure history minimizes the risk of prolonged outages. Motors driving pumps are subject to electrical variations and lightning surges. Although exposed to weather, equipment is usually designed and constructed for that service. When the location is remote and water is provided by submersible deep well pumps, Business Interruption exposure may be greatly increased if an adequate number of complete spare pump units are not kept in inventory. All pump units, regardless of design, should be equipped with lightning arrestors.

Electrical Supply & Distribution: Heavy amounts of dust and debris are common at these types of locations. Electrical systems and motors are adversely affected by dust and debris accumulations. Locations are often remote, and are subject to electrical supply variations and lightning surges. Incoming electrical power should be protected against lightning surges.

Miscellaneous Machines: Machines used to bag / package bulk products are usually single-line, with no installed spare capacity.