The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
The manual handling of loads is governed by the Manual Handling Operations Regulations
1992, the Regulations embrace the minimum health and safety requirements for the
manual handling of loads where there is a risk, particularly of back injury to workers.
The Regulations supplement the general duties placed upon employers and others by
the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, they also supplement the broad requirements
of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999.
The Regulations do not apply to or in relation to the master or crew of a sea-going
ship or to the employer of such persons in respect of the normal shipboard activities
of a ships' crew under the direction of the master.
Objectives of the Regulations
The objectives of the Regulations are to implement the EU Directive (90/269/EEC)
and apply an ergonomic approach to the prevention of injury while carrying out manual
Duties of Employers
Each employer shall (Regulation 4) so far as is reasonably practicable, avoid the
need for his employees to undertake any manual handling operations at work which
involves a risk of their being injured. Regulation 4 places duties on employers
to make evaluations and then assessments of certain manual handling operations.
Duty of Employees
Each employee while at work shall make full and proper use of any system of work
provided for his use by his employer in compliance with Regulation 4(1)(b)(ii) of
Requirements of the Regulations
There are 5 requirements of the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992:-
- avoidance of manual handling;
- mechanise or automate process;
- risk reduction;